History of Lithuania


From April 1919, the Lithuanian–Soviet War dragged on parallel with the Polish–Soviet War. Polish troops captured Vilnius from the Soviets on April 21, 1919.

Soviet occupation

Lithuania has won a complete of 25 medals on the Olympic Games, including 6 gold medals in athletics, trendy pentathlon, shooting, and swimming. Numerous other Lithuanians won Olympic medals representing Soviet Union. Discus thrower Virgilijus Alekna is probably the most profitable Olympic athlete of impartial Lithuania, having won gold medals within the 2000 Sydney and 2004 Athens video games, as well as a bronze in 2008 Beijing Olympics and numerous World Championship medals.

The largest concentrations of Lithuanian Americans are in the Great Lakes space and the Northeast. Nearly 20,000 Lithuanians have immigrated to the United States for the reason that fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Traidenis’ reign (1269–1282) was the longest and most steady in the course of the period of unrest. Tradenis reunified all Lithuanian lands, repeatedly raided Ruthenia and Poland with success, defeated the Teutonic Knights in Prussia and in Livonia on the Battle of Aizkraukle in 1279.

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Many of Lithuania’s cities had been dominated by non-Lithuanian-talking Jews and Poles. The Poles and Lithuanians revolted in opposition to Russian rule twice, in (the November Uprising) and (the January Uprising), however both lithuanian ladies attempts failed and resulted in increased repression by the Russian authorities. After the November Uprising, Tsar Nicholas I started an intensive program of Russification and the University of Vilnius was closed.

Some thirty years’ price of conquests on the left financial institution of Daugava were misplaced. In 2000, the Lithuanian and Latvian parliaments declared 22 September to be the Day of Baltic Unity.

There are about 2.96 million native Lithuanian audio system in Lithuania and about zero.2 million overseas. As of 2015[update] Lithuanian life expectancy at birth was 73.four (sixty seven.four years for males and seventy eight.8 for females) and the infant mortality fee was 6.2 per 1,000 births. According to specialists, this quantity was largely influenced by the Soviets’ authority because largely Christian nation’s inhabitants previously thought-about it as a severe sin and have been afraid to take their lives. Lithuania has one of many largest contemporary water supplies, compared with different nations in Europe.

Lithuanian is the state language of Lithuania and an official language of the European Union. As a Baltic language, Lithuanian is intently associated to neighbouring Latvian and extra distantly to Slavic, Germanic and different Indo-European languages.

It remained impartial till the outset of World War II, when it was occupied by the Soviet Union underneath the terms of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Following a quick occupation by Nazi Germany after the Nazis waged warfare on the Soviet Union, Lithuania was once more absorbed into the Soviet Union for nearly 50 years. In 1990–1991, Lithuania restored its sovereignty with the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.


“Lithuania, a number one gentle in laser expertise – Digital Single Market”. “Lithuania in the Schengen area – Coming to Lithuania – Travel and Residence – Ministry of Foreign Affairs”. “World Bank Country and Lending Groups – World Bank Data Help Desk”.

The Church proceeded with its civilizing mission of literacy and training, and the estates of the realm started to emerge with their own separate identities. Andrei Ozharovsky, Maria Kaminskaya and Charles Digges (12 January 2010). “Lithuania shuts down Soviet-era NPP, but being a nuclear-free nation continues to be under query”. During the interwar interval, Art Deco, Lithuanian National Romanticism architectural type buildings had been constructed in the Lithuania’s momentary capital Kaunas. Its architecture is considered one of the finest examples of the European Art Deco and has obtained the European Heritage Label.

Economic immigrants and immigrants, looking for religious freedom improved the extent of handicrafts. The economy of Lithuania is the biggest economic system among the many three Baltic states. Lithuania is a member of the European Union and its GDP per capita is the highest in the Baltic states.

There are some blonds, however most have light brown to dark brown hair. Their facial features are more “sharp” than nordic people (estonians, finns). The common Lithuanian woman is 166.61cm (5 feet 5.69 inches) tall.

Lithuania belongs to the group of very excessive human improvement countries and is a member of WTO and OECD. Twenty years on, at ceremonies to commemorate these occasions, Poland was represented by only a low-degree delegation, announced at insultingly quick discover. Later, some Lithuanians were relocated to work in other areas of the Soviet Union; some of them didn’t return to Lithuania, after it grew to become impartial. Especially massive Polish communities are located within the Vilnius District Municipality and the Šalčininkai District Municipality. This focus allows Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania, an ethnic minority-based political get together, to exert political affect.